How Does an Air Conditioner Work?

The weather is climbing to record numbers throughout the country and many homes are using some variety of air conditioner to beat the seasonal heat. Although we are all thankful that your air conditioner works, the team at Air Unlimited Heating & Cooling in Liberty and the Kansas City Metro Area thought they would give you a sneak peek at how an air conditioner operates.

The Basics

There’s a lot of science involved in keeping your home at a comfortable temperature. Your air conditioner operates in a similar way to your refrigerator, however your air conditioner has a larger responsibility to handle. Both your fridge and AC cool with a reoccurring loop of refrigerant, in your air conditioner this refrigerant loops from inside to the outdoors. This refrigerant effortlessly changes from a liquid to gas and back to a liquid again. It flows into your residence as a sub-cooled liquid and as it evaporates it absorbs heat from inside the home and reverts back into vapor. This vapor then transfers back to the unit located outdoors where the heat is freed and is then condensed back into a sub-cooled liquid.

Four Components

There are 4 central elements to your cooling system: a compressor, an evaporator coil, the condensing coil and an expansion valve.

The evaporator coil is the location your refrigerant evaporates from a sub-cooled liquid into a super-heated vapor. This component can be established inside your home, in your garage or sometimes in your attic. Warm air transports throughout the cold evaporator coil and the heat is removed from the air. This cooled air is then sent throughout your home.

Your compressor resides in your outdoor condensing unit. The super-heated vapor from your evaporator coil enters into the compressor which increases the pressure of the vapor until it is changed into hot, high pressure vapor. The hot vapor then moves back into the condenser coil where less hot outdoor air flows across the coil, heat is released outdoors and the refrigerant is changed back into a sub-cooled liquid. The sub-cooled liquid then goes back to the indoor evaporator coil by an expansion valve or metering device. The process is then repeated.

That completes your physics lesson of the day…your air conditioner functions on an relentless loop of science. We know that it’s not as crucial to you how it works, but just the fact it’s running. If you’d like to chat about staying cool and comfortable in Liberty and the Kansas City Metro Area give us a call at 816-286-7258 or schedule an appointment using our online scheduler. With the help of our team and science we’re going to make it through this sweltering summer.

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